What is constipation?
Constipation is one of the problems of the digestive system, and it is in the form of an irregular movement of the intestines that leads to the person’s inability to empty all the waste from the body.
It is one of the most difficult problems that pregnant women face, especially in the first and last months of pregnancy, and this is due to the increase in estrogen which leads to a relaxation of the intestinal muscles, or because of the large size of the abdomen and pressure on the intestines.
What are the causes of constipation when pregnant?
Before learning constipation treatment in pregnancy , you should know that there are many reasons that lead to constipation in a pregnant woman, including the following:
- Anxiety resulting from thinking about childbirth, as this slows down the bowel movement, and reduces the efficiency of the excretory process.
- Lack of interest in exercising during pregnancy for some women.
- Wrong diet that does not contain a large proportion of fiber.
- Some of the hormones that are secreted during pregnancy, such as progesterone, relax the intestines and slow their movement, thus reducing the process of excretion.
- The pressure of the uterus on the intestines reduces the digestive process.
- Taking iron tablets during pregnancy, as it contributes greatly to the occurrence of constipation. Dehydration during pregnancy. Pelvic pain during pregnancy.
What are the symptoms of constipation during pregnancy?
Paying attention to the symptoms of constipation in general, helps to treat constipation in a pregnant woman properly, and the most important symptoms are:
- Difficulty passing stool through the rectum, or the passage of hard stools that lead to severe pain in the anus.
- Feeling of fullness and not emptying the stomach completely. Abdominal cramps. Abdominal pain.
Constipation treatment in pregnancy at home
Constipation in pregnant women can be treated through the following steps and tips:
- Treating constipation when pregnant by eating fiber including whole grains, brown rice, legumes, and fresh fruits and vegetables every day, you can also add some spoons of untreated wheat bran.
- Add to your cereal bowl this helps treat constipation although it may take a few days to notice a difference.
- Drink plenty of water Try to have 10 glasses of water or generally liquid drinks every day. When the urine becomes light yellow, this is a sign that there is enough water. You can also drink a glass of fruit juice every day, especially prune juice.
- Drinking a warm liquid after waking up helps facilitate bowel movements and the digestive system.
- Exercising despite its great importance, but unfortunately many women neglect this point during pregnancy, as exercise during pregnancy, especially walking or swimming, helps to stimulate the movement of the digestive system, and facilitate the exit of waste.
- Listening to your body’s call, meaning that there is often a desire to enter the bathroom after meals, do not neglect this call and do not postpone going to the bathroom, as this behavior is one of the most important causes of constipation and flatulence.
- Massage: One of the simplest and most important techniques used to get rid of constipation, by placing the palms on the thighs, making sure that the fingers are extended horizontally, and the thumb points to the knees; Where the hands must be moved down, up and back, and repeat the steps for a few minutes.
Constipation treatment in pregnancy using medications
If the vitamins you take during pregnancy are what cause constipation, discuss with the doctor the alternatives that can be resorted to, and it is also possible to discuss the replacement of iron tablets if the pregnant woman is not suffering from anemia, because the iron may be heavy on the stomach and causes constipation.
Stool softeners add water to the stool to help make it softer and more comfortable to pass.
The stool softener that doctors most commonly recommend to pregnant women is docusate (Colace).
Lubricant laxatives add a slippery coating to either the stool or the inside of the intestinal tract to aid the passage of stool out of the body.
Glycerin suppositories are one type of lubricant laxative. It is essential to always speak to a healthcare professional before using suppositories, especially when pregnant.
By drawing more water into the intestines, these laxatives help soften the stool. They also allow the bowel to contract more to move the stool along. These types of laxative can also cause cramping and bloating in the abdomen.
Problems resulting from constipation during pregnancy
After knowing the methods of treating constipation in pregnant women, it must be known that the problems caused by constipation in pregnant women not only include difficulty in excreting, but also include some complications such as:
Hemorrhoids are enlarged veins or swelling around the rectum.
Symptoms are itching and pain, and this may lead to bleeding of hemorrhoids in its early stages and can be treated easily, but if the situation progresses, a surgical solution is used to treat hemorrhoids.
It occurs as a result of the passage of hard stool through the anus, which leads to an anal fissure. Symptoms begin with severe pain while sitting, and bleeding through the anus.
Treatment includes antibiotics and pain relievers.