What is diabetes
Diabetes is an illness that causes elevated blood sugar levels. If the pancreas does not produce proper amounts of insulin, or if cells cannot properly process insulin, it results in diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
Is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks the insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas. The damage to the pancreatic cells leads to reduced ability or complete inability to create insulin.
Type 1 diabetes is rarely reversed, but with the right dietary changes major improvements in blood sugar levels can be seen, allowing a person to possibly reduce their dependence on insulin and medications.
Type 2 diabetes
Is a metabolic disorder that is caused by high blood sugar. The body can keep up for a period of time by producing more insulin, but over time the insulin receptors sites get burned out.
This type of diabetes occurs when a woman develops diabetes only during pregnancy.
As with type 2 diabetes, this type of diabetes is somewhat prevalent, especially among women with a family history of diabetes.
Most women do not show symptoms of gestational diabetes, so the glucose level is checked between the twenty-fourth and twenty-eighth weeks of pregnancy. The symptoms of gestational diabetes may be similar to the symptoms of other types of diabetes, such as: thirst, dry mouth, and constant fatigue.
Women who develop gestational diabetes have a 20 to 50 percent risk of developing type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years.
- Increased thirst and urination
- Feeling hungry
- Blurred eyesight
- Numbness or tingling in the feet
Common triggers of type 1 diabetes include a virus and imbalanced gut flora that causes inflammation, autoimmunity and leaky gut syndrome.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and is caused by insulin resistance.
Diabetes type 2 vs type 1
What are the differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin. You can think of it as not having a key.
People with type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease often don’t make enough insulin. You can think of it as having a broken key.
Both types of diabetes can lead to chronically high blood sugar levels. That increases the risk of diabetes complications.
Can diabetes type 1 become type 2?
It is possible for a person with type 1 diabetes to receive an incorrect diagnosis of type 2 diabetes if the diagnosis takes place in adulthood. This situation may be more likely to occur if the person is also overweight or has other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, such as a sedentary lifestyle.
FOODS TO EAT
Fiber helps to slow down glucose absorption. Aim for at least 30 g of fiber per day from vegetables, berries, nuts, oatmeal and seeds.
Chromium deficiency can lead to poor blood sugar control. Eat foods high in chromium, such as raw cheese, Brewer’s yeast and broccoli.
Medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) found in coconuts can help balance blood sugar levels and be a preferred fuel source for your body rather than sugar. Including coconut oil, coconut milk and coconut butter in your diet is a great way to intake MCFAs.
Omega-3 fats reduce inflammation and can help counteract some of the negative effects of elevated blood glucose.
Low-glycemic load foods
Foods with a low glycemic value tend not to spike blood sugar as much as high-glycemic foods.
FOODS TO AVOID
Sugar and grains
Refined sugar rapidly spikes blood glucose, and a high grain diet also negatively affects blood sugar levels. Avoid wheat and white bread and flour products.
Soda, juice or other sweet beverages
These forms of sugar enter the bloodstream rapidly and can cause extreme elevations in blood glucose.
Refined and processed foods
Any foods that are refined, processed and contain no fiber generally will raise blood glucose.
Cow milk, especially for type 1
There has been research showing that children with type 1 diabetes can be sensitive to the protein in cow milk (casein). Avoid milk, cheese, sour cream and other non-fermented dairy products.
Can dangerously lower blood sugar. Beer and sweet liquors are high in carbohydrates and should be avoided.
5 best remedies for all diabetes types
Chromium picolinate (600 mcg, daily)
Helps improve insulin sensitivity.
Cinnamon (2 teaspoons, daily)
Add naturally to food or tea to help improve blood sugar control.
Fish oil (1,000 mg, daily)
Omega-3s are necessary for proper insulin function.
Alpha-lipoic acid (300 to 1,200 mg, daily)
Improves insulin sensitivity and reduces symptoms of neuropathy.
Fiber (10g, daily)
Fiber from vegetables and seeds can control blood glucose. Consume 3 to 6 tablespoons of sprouted seeds, such as flax and chia, daily.